Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
|9 Months Ended|
Sep. 30, 2018
|Accounting Policies [Abstract]|
|Summary of Significant Accounting Policies||
2. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
Basis of Presentation
The consolidated financial statements included herein have been prepared by the Company, without audit, pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission. Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles have been omitted. However, in the opinion of management, all adjustments (which include only normal recurring adjustments, unless otherwise indicated) necessary to present fairly the consolidated financial position and results of its operations for the periods presented have been made. The results for interim periods are not necessarily indicative of trends or of results to be expected for the full year. These consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the financial statements of the Company for the year ended December 31, 2017 (including the notes thereto) set forth in Form 10-K filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on April 17, 2018.
Principles of Consolidation
The consolidated financial statements through September 30, 2018 include the accounts of the Company and the following entities, all of which have fiscal year ends of December 31. (Note 1).
Use of Estimates and Assumptions
The preparation of the consolidated financial statements that are in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the consolidated financial statements.
Cash and cash equivalents
The Company considers all cash on hand, cash in banks and all highly liquid debt instruments purchased with a maturity of three months at purchase or less to be cash and cash equivalents. At times, cash and cash equivalent balances at a limited number of banks and financial institutions may exceed insurable amounts. At September 30, 2018 the Company had $2,467,517 in excess of FDIC depository insurance coverage. The Company believes it mitigates its risks by depositing cash or investing in cash equivalents in major financial institutions.
Cash held in escrow, in the name of the Company, is held by Sichenzia Ross Ference Kesner (“Sichenzia”). The escrow account was established to hold the deposits from the sale of common stock and hold funds for businesses under letters of intents to purchase. There are no restrictions on the funds held by Sichenzia on the Company’s behalf.
In May 2014, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 2014-09, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers.” This new standard replaced most existing revenue recognition guidance in U.S. GAAP and codified guidance under FASB Topic 606. The underlying principle of this new guidance is that an entity should recognize revenue to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration that the entity expects to be entitled to receive in exchange for those goods or services.
The Company adopted ASU No. 2014-09 as of January 1, 2018 using the modified retrospective method. Results for the reporting period beginning after January 1, 2018 are presented under Topic 606, while prior period amounts continue to be reported in accordance with the Company’s historic accounting practices under previous guidance. However, given the nature of the Company’s products and the terms and conditions applicable to sales to its customers, the timing and amount of revenue recognized based on the underlying principles of ASU No. 2014-09 are consistent with the Company’s revenue recognition policy under previous guidance.
The Company incurs costs associated with product distribution, such as freight and handling costs. The Company has elected to treat these costs as fulfillment activities and recognizes these costs at the same time that it recognizes the underlying product revenue. As this policy election is in line with the Company’s previous accounting practices, the treatment of shipping and handling activities under Topic 606 did not have any impact on the Company’s results of operations, financial condition and/or financial statement disclosures.
In accordance with the new guidance, the Company recognizes revenue at an amount that reflects the consideration that the Company expects to be entitled to receive in exchange for transferring goods or services to its customers. The Company’s policy is to record revenue when control of the goods transfers to the customer.
In limited instances when products are sold under consignment arrangements, the Company does not recognize revenue until control over such products has transferred to the end consumer.
The following table presents the Company’s revenues disaggregated by type and by state/territory (unaudited):
The Company’s wholesale sales comprise of sub-lingual THC activated flakes, CBD and THC lotions and muscle rubs and bubble hash to distributors for distribution to cannabis dispensaries.
The Company’s retail sales comprise of THC in the form of flower, edibles, creams, oils and cannabis accessories as pipes, bowls and cartridges.
The Company carries its accounts receivable at their estimated realizable amounts and periodically evaluates the credit condition of its customers. The allowance for uncollectible accounts receivable is based on the Company’s historical bad debt experience and on management’s evaluation of collectability of the individual outstanding balances. As of September 30, 2018, the Company had not identified any uncollectible accounts.
The Company’s inventory is stated at the lower of cost or market. Inventory consists of cannabis products, such as flower, edibles, creams, oils and cannabis accessories as pipes, bowls and cartridges.
Fixed assets are recorded at cost and are depreciated using the straight-line method over estimated useful lives as follows:
The Company incurred costs related to Patent Application Costs during the nine months ended September 30, 2018, consisting of $632,368 of legal fees. The patent applications will continue to be filed over the next several quarters. As the patents have not been issued as of September 30, 2018, no amortization has been applied against the patent costs. If the patents are approved, the Company will amortize the patent application costs over their useful lives. If the patents are not approved, the patent application costs will be expensed and charged against income. (Note 8).
Cost of goods sold includes the purchase of cannabis and cannabis-related products, labor directly associated with purchasing, inventory control.
General and administrative expense includes the costs associated with operating the businesses, and includes such items as bank charges, insurance, labor costs, taxes, marketing, permits, repairs, security, utilities, rent, consulting fees, office expenses, travel and other operating expenses incurred in the ordinary course of operating a retail business.
Share based Compensation
Compensation cost relating to share-based payment transactions (including the cost of all employee stock options) is required to be recognized in the consolidated financial statements and covers a wide range of share-based compensation arrangements including share options, restricted share plans, performance-based awards, share appreciation rights, and employee share purchase plans. That cost is measured based on the estimated fair value of the equity or liability instruments issued. (See Note 3).
Fair Value of Financial Instruments
The carrying value of the Company’s current liabilities approximates fair value because of the short maturity of these instruments. Unless otherwise noted, it is management’s opinion the Company is not exposed, except for cash balances in excess of the FDIC depository insurance coverage, to significant interest, currency or credit risks arising from these financial instruments.
The Company follows the accrual method of accounting for income taxes. Under this method, deferred income tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the estimated tax consequences attributable to differences between the financial statement carrying values and their respective income tax basis (temporary differences). The effect on the deferred income tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rates is recognized in income in the period that includes the enactment date. The Company was organized under the laws of Nevada and therefore will be taxed at statutory U.S. federal corporate income tax rates.
Basic Earnings per Share
The Company computes net loss per share in accordance with FASB ASC 260 “Earnings per Share”, which specifies the computation, presentation and disclosure requirements for earnings (loss) per share for entities with publicly held common stock.
Basic net loss per share amounts are computed by dividing the net loss by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding. Potentially dilutive securities have been excluded from the Company’s earnings per share calculation due to the effect of being anti-dilutive. The total number of potentially dilutive securities which have been excluded is 6,808,596. (Note 3).
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
As of September 30, 2018 and through October 30, 2018, there were several new accounting pronouncements issued by the Financial Accounting Standards Board. Each of these pronouncements, as applicable, has been or will be adopted by the Company. Management does not believe the adoption of any of these accounting pronouncements has had or will have a material impact on the Company’s financial position or future operating results. The Company will monitor these emerging issues to assess any potential future impact on its financial statements.
In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842). This standard requires all leases that have a term of over 12 months to be recognized on the balance sheet with the liability for lease payments and the corresponding right-of-use asset initially measured at the present value of amounts expected to be paid over the term. Recognition of the costs of these leases on the income statement will be dependent upon their classification as either an operating or a financing lease. Costs of an operating lease will continue to be recognized as a single operating expense on a straight-line basis over the lease term. This standard will be effective for our interim and annual periods beginning January 1, 2019, and must be applied on a modified retrospective basis to leases existing at, or entered into after, the beginning of the earliest comparative period presented in the financial statements. Early adoption is permitted. We are currently evaluating the timing of adoption and the potential impact of this standard on our consolidated financial position, but we do not expect it to have a material impact on our results of operations.
The entire disclosure for all significant accounting policies of the reporting entity.
Reference 1: http://fasb.org/us-gaap/role/ref/legacyRef